US Large Cents

1793 – 1857

From 1793 through 1857 the US cent was much larger than what we are accustomed to today. These cents ranged from 27 mm to 29 mm in diameter, quite large when compared to the modern Lincoln Cent which is only 19 mm in diameter.

Different designs were used for US Large Cents:

1793 Flowing Hair Large Cent ~ (chain reverse)

This was actually the first time that the Federal Government minted a coin using its own equipment and facilities. Only 36,103 Flowing Hair Large Cents were struck with the chain reverse. The fact that these coins were minted in such low numbers along with it being struck for only 1 year make this one of the rarest US coins for collectors. Depending upon the condition an example of this large cent can be worth anywhere from several thousand dollars to half a million dollars!

1793 Flowing Hair Large Cent

1793 Flowing Hair Large Cent

1793 Flowing Hair Large Cent ~ (wreath reverse)

Because of ridicule and pressure over the chain reverse design being reminiscent of slavery the coin was redesigned later in 1793. Adam Eckfeldt made changes to the obverse as well as the reverse. Lady Liberty was given longer hair and the chain was replaced by a wreath. Around 63,000 Flowing Hair Large Cents were struck with the wreath reverse.

1793 – 1796 Liberty Cap Large Cent

Liberty Cap Large Cent

Liberty Cap Large Cent

1793 saw some major changes to the design of the Large Cent. Joseph Wright redesigned the Large Cent once again and added a cap to Lady Liberty and changed the wreath on the reverse to a laurel wreath. Over the next three years the coins designed was modified several other times so there are many different varieties available to collectors, but all are relatively rare.

1796 – 1807 Draped Bust Large Cent

In 1796 Robert Scot was asked to redesign the entire US coinage. Scot’s design featured bust of Lady Liberty with a drapery across her neckline and a ribbon in her hair. An olive wreath representing peace was added to the reverse. Throughout 1796 to 1807 several modifications were made to the design.

1808 – 1814 Classic Head Large Cent

Coronet Large Cent

Coronet Braided Large Cent

In 1808 John Reich was appointed to redesign all US coins. For the Large Cent he depicted Lady Liberty wearing a fillet. The Classic Head Large Cent was struck using a more pure copper than previous coins and as a result was much more prone to damage by wear and corrosion. This contributes to the rarity of specimens in high grade.

1816 – 1857 Coronet Large Cent

There were two major designs for the Coronet Large Cent:

1816 – 1839 Matron Head Coronet Large Cent
Lady Liberty was enlarged and surrounded with stars around the edge.

1839 -1857 Braided Hair Coronet Large Cent
In 1839 the Coronet Large Cent was redesigned in an attempt to make Lady Liberty look slimmer and younger.

Large Cent Mintage Numbers

1793 Chain AMERICA – 36,103
1793 Wreath Vine & Bars Edge – 63,353
1793 Liberty Cap – 11,056
1794 Head of 1794 – 918,521
1794 Starred Reverse – 501,500
1795 – – – 37,000
1796 – – – 109,825
1796 Reverse of 1797 – 363,375
1797 – – – 897,510
1798 – – – 1,841,745
1800 – – – 2,822,175
1801 – – – 1,362,837
1802 – – – 3,435,100
1803 – – – 3,131,691
1804 – – – 96,500
1805 – – – 941,116
1806 – – – 348,000
1807 – – – 829,221
1808 – – – 1,007,000
1809 – – – 222, 867
1810 – – – 1,458,500
1811 – – – 218,025
1812 – – – 1,075,500
1813 – – – 418,000
1814 – – – 357,830
1816 – – – 2,820,982
1817 – – – 3,948,400
1818 – – – 3,167,000
1819 – – – 2,671,000
1820 – – – 4,407,550
1821 – – – 389,000
1822 – – – 2,072,339
1824 – – – 1,262,000
1825 – – – 1,461,100
1826 – – – 1,517,425
1827 – – – 2,357,732
1828 – – – 2,260,624
1829 – – – 1,414,500
1830 – – – 1,711,500
1831 – – – 3,359,260
1832 – – – 2,362,000
1833 – – – 2,739,000
1834 – – – 1,855,100
1835 – – – 3,878,400
1836 – – – 2,111,000
1837 – – – 5,558,300
1838 – – – 6,370,200
1839 – – – 3,128,661
1840 – – – 2,462,700
1841 – – – 1,597,367
1842 – – – 2,383,390
1843 – – – 2,425,342
1844 – – – 2,398,752
1845 – – – 3,894,804
1846 – – – 4,120,800
1847 – – – 6,183,669
1848 – – – 6,415,799
1849 – – – 4,178,500
1850 – – – 4,426,844
1851 – – – 9,889,707
1852 – – – 5,063,094
1853 – – – 6,641,131
1854 – – – 4,236,156
1855 – – – 1,574,829
1856 – – – 2,690,463
1857 – – – 333,456

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