Lincoln Wheat Cent

1909 – 1958

The Lincoln Wheat Cent was designed by Victor David Brenner, and is well known by several different names, but is probably most often referred to as the  Wheat Penny.

In average circulated grades most Wheat Cents are valued at around $0.10 or less, but some high grade specimens can fetch in tens of thousands of dollars. For example, in 1914 less than 1.2 million cents were struck at the Denver Mint. As a result a 1914-D Lincoln Wheat Cent can sale for more than $25,000.00.

Another “key” wheat penny to look for is the 1909-S which even in poor grades is worth hundreds of dollars. This is the one which has the initials of the designer, “V.D.B.”, on the lower right side of the reverse. Less than half a million of these were struck before the initials were removed. In the same year the mint in Philadelphia struck almost 28,000,000 coins bearing the initials making the 1909 wheat cent more commonly available.

Lincoln Wheat Cent

Lincoln Wheat Cent

There are also a couple die errors which are valuable. The 1922 “Plain” at around $5,000 to $6,000 and the 1955 Doubled Die worth $1,000 or more.

Lincoln Wheat Cents are a good introductory to coin collecting. If lower grades are acceptable and you don’t insist on getting every mint mark you can build an impressive collection at a modest cost. But be careful as once you start collecting wheat pennies you will be apt to looking around and picking up some other nice coins. Before you know it you are a true coin collector.

In 1959 the design of the US Cent was changed in honor of the sesquicentennial of Lincoln’s birth. Frank Gasparro was called on to design the reverse to show the Lincoln Memorial.

Lincoln Wheat Cent Specifications

Lincoln Wheat Cent Obverse

Lincoln Wheat Cent Obverse

1909 – 1942 Bronze

Composition: 95% Copper, 5% Tin and Zinc
Diameter: 19 mm
Weight: 3.11 g
Edge: Plain

1943 Zinc-plated Steel

Composition: 100% Steel plated with Zinc
Diameter: 19 mm
Weight: 2.70 g
Edge: Plain

1944 – 1946 Shell Casing Bronze

Composition: 95% Copper 5% Zinc
Diameter: 19 mm
Weight: 2.70 g
Edge: Plain

1946 – 1958 Bronze

Composition: 95% Copper, 5% Tin and Zinc
Diameter: 19 mm
Weight: 3.11 g
Edge: Plain

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Lincoln Wheat Cent Mintage Numbers

1909 – – 72,702,618
1909 VDB – – 27,995,000
1909-S – – 1,825,000
1909-S VDB – – 484,000
1910 – – 146,801,218
1910-S – – 6,045,000
1911 – – 101,177,787
1911-D – – 12,672,000
1911-S – – 4,026,000
1912 – – 68,153,060
1912-D – – 10,411,000
1912-S – – 4,431,000
1913 – – 76,532,352
1913-D – – 15,804,000
1913-S – – 6,101,000
1914 – – 75,238,432
1914-D – – 1,193,000
1914-S – – 4,137,000
1915 – – 29,092,120
1915-D – – 22,050,000
1915-S – – 4,833,000
1916 – – 131,833,677
1916-D – – 35,956,000
1916-S – – 22,510,000
1917 – – 196,429,785
1917-D – – 55,120,000
1917-S – – 32,620,000
1918 – – 288,104,634
1918-D – – 47,830,000
1918-S – – 34,680,000
1919 – – 392,021,000
1919-D – – 57,154,000
1919-S – – 139,760,000
1920 – – 310,165,000
1920-D – – 49,280,000
1920-S – – 46,220,000
1921 – – 39,157,000
1921-S – – 15,274,000
1922-D – – 7,160,000
1923 – – 74,723,000
1923-S – – 8,700,000
1924 – – 75,178,000
1924-D – – 2,520,000
1924-S – – 11,696,000
1925 – – 139,949,000
1925-D – – 22,580,000
1925-S – – 26,380,000
1926 – – 157,088,000
1926-D – – 28,020,000
1926-S – – 4,550,000
1927 – – 144,440,000
1927-D – – 27,170,000
1927-S – – 14,276,000
1928 – – 134,116,000
1928-D – – 31,170,000
1928-S – – 17,266,000
1929 – – 185,262,000
1929-D – – 41,730,000
1929-S – – 50,148,000
1930 – – 157,415,000
1930-D – – 40,100,000
1930-S – – 24,286,000
1931 – – 19,396,000
1931-D – – 4,480,000
1931-S – – 866,000
1932 – – 9,062,000
1932-D – – 10,500,000
1933 – – 14,360,000
1933-D – – 6,200,000
1934 – – 219,080,000
1934-D – – 28,446,000
1935 – – 245,388,000
1935-D – – 47,000,000
1935-S – – 38,702,000
1936 – – 309,632,000
1936-D – – 40,620,000
1936-S – – 29,130,000
1937 – – 309,170,000
1937-D – – 50,430,000
1937-S – – 34,500,000
1938 – – 156,682,000
1938-D – – 20,010,000
1938-S – – 15,180,000
1939 – – 316,466,000
1939-D – – 15,160,000
1939-S – – 52,070,000
1940 – – 586,810,000
1940-D – – 81,390,000
1940-S – – 112,940,000
1941 – – 887,018,000
1941-D – – 128,700,000
1941-S – – 92,360,000
1942 – – 657,796,000
1942-D – – 206,698,000
1942-S – – 85,590,000
1943 (Steel Cent) – – 684,628,670
1943-D (Steel Cent) – – 217,660,000
1943-S (Steel Cent) – – 191,550,000
1944 – – 1,435,400,000
1944-D – – 430,578,000
1944-S – – 282,760,000
1945 – – 1,040,515,000
1945-D – – 266,268,000
1945-S – – 181,770,000
1946 – – 991,655,000
1946-D – – 315,690,000
1946-S – – 198,100,000
1947 – – 190,555,000
1947-D – – 194,750,000
1947-S – – 99,000,000
1948 – – 317,570,000
1948-D – – 172,637,500
1948-S – – 81,735,000
1949 – – 217,775,000
1949-D – – 153,132,500
1949-S – – 64,290,000
1950 – – 272,635,000
1950-D – – 334,950,000
1950-S – – 118,505,000
1951 – – 284,576,000
1951-D – – 625,355,000
1951-S – – 136,010,000
1952 – – 186,775,000
1952-D – – 746,130,000
1952-S – – 137,800,004
1953 – – 256,755,000
1953-D – – 700,515,000
1953-S – – 181,835,000
1954 – – 71,640,050
1954-D – – 251,552,500
1954-S – – 96,190,000
1955 – – 330,958,200
1955-D – – 563,257,500
1955-S – – 44,610,000
1956 – – 420,745,000
1956-D – – 1,098,201,100
1957 – – 282,540,000
1957-D – – 1,051,342,000
1958 – – 252,525,000
1958-D – – 800,953,300


Comments

One Response to “Lincoln Wheat Cent”
  1. nivekinc says:

    This is great information as a beginner coin colletor, i have been colleting pennies for sometime now i will search each pennie i have i really love your blog keep up the good work.

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